I suggest you to don't let your vegetable plot stand empty and neglected over winter. There are plenty of winter vegetables to grow throughout the coldest months. Winter vegetable growing allows you to extend the season and many vegetables that can be grown in winter will produce earlier crops than spring plantings.
Most winter vegetable plants are fully hardy and will cope well with cold winter weather, but if hard frosts threaten then you can always throw some fleece across them to provide some extra protection.
1. CabbageCabbage is a hardy, leafy vegetable full of vitamins. It can be difficult to grow; it only likes cool temperatures and it can be a magnet for some types of garden pests. By planning your growing season and providing diligent care, you may have two successful crops in one year, in both spring and fall. Many varieties are available to suit both your growing conditions and taste preferences.
Start cabbage seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost. See frost dates for your area.
Harden off plants over the course of a week. To prepare soil, till in aged manure or compost.
Transplant outdoors 2 to 3 weeks before the last expected frost date. Choose a cloudy afternoon.
Plant 12 to 24 inches apart in rows, depending on size of head desired. The closer you plant, the smaller the heads.
Mulch thickly to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.
Practice crop rotation with cabbage year to year to avoid a buildup of soil borne diseases.
Although cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower are closely related, and require similar nutrients, it's best not to plant them together. They are all heavy feeders, depleting the soil faster of required nutrients; plus, they will attract the same pests and diseases. For cabbage, also avoid proximity to strawberries and tomatoes.
Cabbage can be grown near beans and cucumbers.
Check out our chart of plant companions for an expanded list of friends and foes.
In a cold climate (zone 0-4) you can't really "grow" carrots in the winter. But we can preserve them in the ground till spring and enjoy fresh winter carrots from the garden just as gardeners in warmer zones can.For an exceptionally early crop of carrots in spring try growing. This fast-maturing variety can be sown as early as November in the greenhouse and as late as July outdoors.
3. GarlicGarlic isn't hard to grow. In fact, growing garlic plants is almost ridiculously easy. It has a few important requirements that are easily met: decent soil, adequate moisture, and, of course, planting and harvesting at the right time.
When is the right time for planting garlic? Plant garlic in winters. To grow nice, big heads of garlic, you need loose, fertile soil. Loosen the soil with a digging fork, spread a 2- to 3-inch-deep layer of organic matter over the area, and dig it in. For organic matter, I use a well-aged mixture of compost, leaf mold, and aged rabbit manure.
To plant, place the cloves 4 inches apart in a furrow. Hold each clove pointed end up, and push it into the soil about 2 inches deep. After all the cloves are in the ground, smooth the soil surface using your fingers or a rake to fill in the holes, and water well. If you’re planting more than one variety, be sure to label each one clearly.
Growing Cauliflower in Your Vegetable Garden
The soil for growing cauliflower needs adequate amounts of trace elements, particularly boron because the plants are very sensitive to boron deficiency.
Soils rich in organic matter are rarely boron deficient.
However, boron may be unavailable to plants in soils that are strongly alkaline.
Maintaining soil pH close to the recommended ranges ensures the availability of boron to the cauliflower plants.
Good sources of the trace element are rock phosphate and granite dust.
Prior to planting, work in both of these materials along with a lot of compost.
Cauliflower is an extremely greedy feeder, requiring a steady supply of nitrogen to permit it to grow as quickly as possible to maturity.
Cauliflower can be grown successfully during the wintertime in the mild winter climates of Zones 7 to 10.
Plant cauliflower to mature in the springtime, before summer heat sets in.
Alternatively, many gardeners plant in fall after the hot weather subsides.
5. Peas How to sow peas
Protect seed - Birds love to steal pea seed so cover trenches with chicken wire or netting after sowing. This can removed once the seeds have germinated.
Provide supports - Peas produce tendrils to help them climb upwards. Erect wire netting, or push upright twiggy sticks into the ground along the length of each trench to provide your peas with supports to cling to.
Water regularly- Once pea plants start to flower it’s best to water thoroughly once a week to encourage good pod development. You can reduce water loss by applying a thick mulch of well rotted manure or compost to lock moisture into the soil.
Don't over-feed - Don't feed peas with nitrogen rich fertilisers as can cause lots of leafy growth instead of producing pea pods. In most cases peas won't require any extra feed, especially if you added plenty of organic matter to the soil before sowing.
Radishes can be grown in containers very well. Different shapes and sizes make it a must try for any one who wishes to grow veggies. Most of us are familiar with the radish that is long white. What about Red round , long pink or white round ?
Before we get to the growing part, little bit of information about Radish itself. Did you know? Radish belongs to the same family as Cabbage, Cauliflower, Mustard and Turnip.
Now to the growing part.
Radish needs a fertile, loose and well drained soil. Potting medium made of equal quantities of Red soil, cocopeat and well decomposed manure is essential. Ensure the manure is well decomposed. Since Radish is a quick crop, it is necessary that we use a good potting medium to begin with.
In this post, I am going to post pictures of Long white radish and French breakfast radish growing in container.
For growing long radish, take a container that is at least 1 foot deep and for French breakfast radish any tray that is 6 inches deep will do.
Radish seeds can be sown 1/2 inch deep and they germinate in 3 days.
7. Spring OnionPlanting Spring Onions
When growing spring onions, they can just as easily be planted indoors in a pot as outdoors in a patch. The best time to plant them is the end of spring in May-June in northern hemisphere and November-December in southern hemisphere. Obviously it depends on your climate and situation; so many gardeners can plant earlier than this.
There are also some varieties that can be grown in winter in milder climates or in pots indoors or in a greenhouse over winter.
Drill holes that are about 1.5cm deep and place your seeds in them. Gently cover them with fine soil to a depth of roughly 1cm (¼-½"). Maintain a space of at least 5cm (2") between seeds. If you're growing spring onions in rows then the distance between each row shouldn't be less than 15cm (6"), otherwise scatter seeds in spare patches throughout your garden.
Turnips are a cool-weather crop that require 30 to 60 days to come to harvest. Turnips grow best in temperatures from 40°F to 75°F. They are best harvested before temperatures exceed 75°F. Sow turnip seeds directly in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date in spring for a late spring or early summer harvest. Sow turnips in late summer for autumn harvest; in early autumn for late autumn harvest; and in late autumn for winter harvest in reverse-season regions.
Planting and spacing. Turnips do not transplant well. Sow seed directly in the garden ½ inch deep and 1 inch apart in wide rows, thin successful seedlings from 4 to 6 inches apart. Space wide rows 12 to 24 inches apart. Thin turnips grown for greens from 2 to 3 inches apart.
Water and feeding. Keep the soil moist to keep turnips growing as fast as possible. Do not let the soil dry out. When turnips grow slowly their roots become woody and strong flavored. Side dress turnips with aged compost at midseason.